Possessivity is a lexical feature, i. Czech morphology distinguishes seven cases: For example, the nominative and accusative cases often distinguish subject and object of the verb, while in fixed-word-order languages these functions would be distinguished merely by the positions of the nouns in the sentence. Prototypical meaning of genitive is that the noun phrase somehow belongs to its governor; it would often be translated by the English preposition of.
|Date Added:||14 August 2011|
|File Size:||10.13 Mb|
|Operating Systems:||Windows NT/2000/XP/2003/2003/7/8/10 MacOS 10/X|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In Czech the instrumental is also used for the agent-object in passive constructions cf. Genitive is a feature of just a subset of word forms of the lemma.
This is the word form used for subjects of clauses. Possessivity is a lexical feature, i. Case is an inflectional feature of nouns and other parts of speech adjectivesnumerals that mark agreement with nouns. The base form of the noun, also used as dcwra form lemma. Note that despite considerable semantic overlap, the genitive case is not the same as the feature of possessivity Poss.
The vocative case is a special form of noun used to address someone. In addition, both the adjective and the noun are in their genitive forms the nominative would be prezidentova dcera. Nevertheless this is not a grammatical restriction and inanimate things can be addressed as well. Perhaps the second most widely spread morphological case. Prototypical meaning of genitive is that the noun phrase somehow belongs to its governor; it would often be translated by the English preposition of.
First Daughter subtitles Czech | yoga4women.life
NomGenDatAccVocLoc and Ins this ordering is fixed in the grammar and the cases are also referred to by numbers 1—7. It is also valency feature of prepositions saying that the preposition requires its argument to be in that case. Semantics of possessivity is much more clearly defined while the genitive as many other cases may be required in situations that have prezidentoga to do with possessing.
The descriptions of the individual case values below include semantic hints about the prototypical meaning of the case. There is nothing possessive about this particular occurrence of the genitive. Valency of verbs, adpositions and other words will determine that the noun phrase must be in a particular grammatical case to fill a particular valency slot semantic role.
The locative case often expresses location in space or time, which gave it its name. As elsewhere, non-locational meanings also exist and they are not rare.
Site powered by Annodoc and brat. Thus it predominantly appears with animate nouns see the feature of Animacy. This is the word form most frequently used for direct objects of verbs.
For example, the nominative and accusative cases often distinguish subject and object of the verb, while in fixed-word-order languages these functions would be distinguished merely by the positions of the nouns in the sentence. Czech morphology distinguishes seven cases: Case helps specify the role of the noun phrase in the sentence. On the other hand, some location roles may be expressed using other cases e. Bear in mind that quite often a case will be used for a meaning that is totally unrelated to the meaning mentioned here.